IḤUD HA-KEVUẒOT VE-HA-KIBBUTZIM
- IḤUD HA-KEVUẒOT VE-HA-KIBBUTZIM, a federation of collective settlements in Israel founded in 1951 by the merger of the mapai -oriented kibbutzim, which seceded from Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad , with the union of smaller collective settlements called Ḥever ha-Kevuẓot. (The latter also comprised the first villages of this kind founded by pioneers of the Second Aliyah before World War I.) The Iḥud is ideologically and politically the most moderate of the various kibbutz unions, allowing for more diversity in its members' outlook and way of life. It comprised over 80 collective settlements with a population of about 30,000 in 1970. In 1979 it reunited with Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad to form Takam (the United Kibbutz Movement), which numbered 167 kibbutzim and 76,560 members in 1987. In 2000 the United Kibbutz Movement and Ha-Kibbutz ha-Arẓi ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir joined forces as "The Kibbutz Movement," representing 260 kibbutzim.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
IḤUD HABONIM — IḤUD HABONIM, largest pioneering youth movement of the labor Zionist movement, founded in 1958 with headquarters in Israel. Iḥud Habonim was established by the amalgamation of various youth movements around the world. It was composed of what was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
KIBBUTZ MOVEMENT — The kibbutz, or kevuẓah (plural: kibbutzim, kevuẓot) is a voluntary collective community, mainly agricultural, in which there is no private wealth and which is responsible for all the needs of the members and their families. The kibbutz movement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
NEWSPAPERS, HEBREW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the spread of the hebrew press main stages of development In Europe Through the Early 1880s ideology of the early press in europe until world war i in europe between the wars the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EN-HAROD — (Heb. עין ֲח דֹר). Ancient Spring where Gideon and his people camped during his war against the Midianites and the place where he selected the men for his night ambush (Judg. 7:1). It is identified with a spring on a northwestern spur of Mt.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TEL YOSEF — (Heb. תֵּל יוֹסֵף), kibbutz in northern Israel, in the Harod Valley, 8 mi. (13 km.) S.E. of Afulah, affiliated with Iḥud ha Kevuẓot ve ha Kibbutzim. Named in memory of joseph trumpeldor , Tel Yosef was founded in 1921 as a work camp of gedud ha… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ASHDOT YA'AKOV — (Heb. אַשְׁדּוֹת יַעֲקׁב), two kibbutzim in the central Jordan Valley in Israel, near the confluence of the Jordan and Yarmuk rivers. It was founded on PICA (palestine Jewish Colonization Association) land in 1933, by a group of Ha Kibbutz ha Me… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POPULATION — THE JEWISH POPULATION Growth by Aliyah In 1882 the Jewish population of Ereẓ Israel numbered some 24,000, roughly 5% of the total, and about 0.3% of the world Jewish population. Since then there has been an almost continuous flow of aliyah, which … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GORDONIA — GORDONIA, pioneering Zionist youth movement that was founded at the end of 1923 in Galicia from small cells and grew into a world movement. The first groups of Gordonia were created under the influence of Hitahadut, on the one hand, and by… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HA-KIBBUTZ HA-ME'UḤAD — HA KIBBUTZ HA ME UḤAD, a union of kibbutzim in Israel founded at a conference in Petaḥ Tikvah in 1927 by the first large kevuẓot, established primarily by pioneers of the Third Aliyah, including previous groups of gedud ha avodah ( Labor Legion ) … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POLITICAL LIFE AND PARTIES — Introduction It was largely due to the existence of the pre state political parties, which had conducted intensive political activities for almost half a century within the framework of the yishuv , under the British Mandate for Palestine, that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism